The NHS stands for the National Health Service. It refers to the Government-funded medical and health care services that everyone living in the UK can use without being asked to pay the full cost of the service.

NHS England works closely with Public Health England and the Department of Health and Social Care to provide and commission a range of public health services. The NHS has a critical part to play in securing good population health. The public health functions agreement (Section 7A) is an annual agreement between the Secretary of State for Health and NHS England. The Agreements are underpinned by a set of service specifications, and national standards to support commissioning and contracting.